All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (2024)

While transformation as the franchise knows it wasn't established until the Namek arc, the act of transforming has always been one of Dragon Ball’s gimmicks. The character Oolong is designed entirely around the concept, and the very first story arc ends with Goku undergoing a monstrous transformation at the sight of the full moon.

Considering how many variations of Super Saiyan follow the Namek arc, as well as all the forms of Goku that Dragon Ball Super has added, transformations remain ingrained in the series’ DNA. From turning into a Great Ape to triggering Ultra Instinct for the first time, Goku has demonstrated some of Dragon Ball’s greatest transformations.

Updated on January 31st 2024 by Sage Ashford: We've updated this list to add more information about all of Goku's transformations.


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13 Oozaru Is Known To Multiply A Saiyan's Power Tenfold

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (2)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Episode 12, "A Wish To The Eternal Dragon"

How He Got It:

Looked At The Full Moon

Imprisoned inside Pilaf's palace, the original Dragon Ball Team gets left behind to die overnight, in danger of being cooked alive as the sun slowly rises above them. Fortunately, a full moon appears that night, and Goku just happens to have a tail that lets him transform into a great ape. Oozaru Goku breaks everyone out of Pilaf’s prison, but his subsequent rampage knows no limits. With no real sense of self, Goku destroys everything around him, endangering his friends in the process. Working together with Puar, Yamcha cuts off Goku’s tail and saves the day.

12 Kaioken Offers An Instant, Yet Temporary Boost In Power

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (3)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Z Episode 29, "Lesson Number One"

How He Got It:

Trained with King Kai.

Following his death at the start of the Saiyan arc, Goku trains with Kaio in the afterlife. Kaio notably teaches Goku two techniques: the Genki Dama and the Kaioken. The Genki Dama is shown in practice beforehand, but Toriyama saves Kaioken’s reveal for the fight against the Saiyans. It's worth pointing out that while Kaioken is essentially a technique, Goku begins exploiting it like a transformation by the Namek arc.

Kaioken increases Goku's strength geometrically, with greater versions offering larger boosts in power. However, this is not without cost, as Kaioken exhausts the user's body that much faster. Later on in Dragon Ball Super, the series goes one step further by allowing Goku to augment his transformations with Kaioken, resulting in another new Goku transformation.



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11 Super Saiyan Represented The Height Of Saiyan Power

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (5)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Z Episode 95, "Transformed At Last"

How He Got It:

Watched Krillin Die

Unlike his fight against Vegeta, where he allows Kaioken to destroy his body, Goku bows out before the fight with Frieza gives him the chance. He instead puts all his energy into a Genki Dama, but that only serves to anger Frieza. Frieza retaliates by killing Krillin; however, this ends up being the villain's downfall. After watching his best friend burst into shreds right before his eyes, Goku transforms into the legendary Super Saiyan, gains a second wind, and forces Frieza into one of the most humiliating defeats in the series. Super Saiyan remains the most iconic of Goku transformations due to its epic debut. It's also one of the most versatile transformations in the series, as there's multiple versions that Saiyans can achieve, ranging from Super Saiyan Second Grade to Mastered Super Saiyan.

10 Super Saiyan 2 Became The New Standard After Cell's Arrival

First Appearance (for Goku):

Dragon Ball Z Episode 229, "Vegeta's Pride"

How He Got It:

Trained In The Afterlife

The Cell arc places a heavy focus on the Super Saiyan state and how to push it further. Vegeta, Trunks, and Goku all have their own augmentations (called Grade forms), but they’re ostensibly variations of the regular Super Saiyan. It isn’t until Gohan triggers Super Saiyan 2 during the Cell Games that a new proper form is introduced. Following Goku’s death during the Cell Games, he triggers Super Saiyan 2 while training in the afterlife. It’s likely that Goku taps into Super Saiyan 2 sooner rather than later, as evidenced by a lack of stamina drain. Goku first shows off the form in a flash instance against Yakon.

9 Super Saiyan 3 Was The Only Way Goku Could Battle Majin Buu

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (6)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Z Episode 245, "Super Saiyan 3?!"

How He Got It:

Trained In The Afterlife


Goku and Gohan are two of Dragon Ball's most important characters, and they both experienced major changes between DBZ and Dragon Ball Super.

It’s interesting how Toriyama introduces Super Saiyan 2 for Goku, only to do away with it shortly after. Goku fights Majin Vegeta in the form, but he never fights in it again (in the original manga, at least). Triggering Super Saiyan 3 for the first time while stalling against Buu, Goku's transformation shakes the actual cosmos. Taking into account the incredibly heavy toll Super Saiyan 3 puts on a living body — and how much effort Goku puts into transforming while dead — it's no wonder the form takes Goku significant time to master. He’s since gotten a firm hold of Super Saiyan 3 in Dragon Ball Super, but its depiction in the Buu arc proves too unwieldy for Goku. That said, even in Super it's Goku's least used form for a reason.

8 Super Saiyan 4 Places Importance On The Oozaru Form Again

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (8)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball GT Episode 34, "Back In The Game"

How He Got It:

Gained Control Of His Golden Oozaru Form

The Super Saiyan 4 transformation gained immense popularity when it debuted in Dragon Ball GT. While this Goku form, and the series it debuted in, were eventually made non-canon, it still made frequent appearances in video games and merchandise. After being defeated by Baby as a Super Saiyan 3, Goku pursued a greater power. Goku obtained Super Saiyan 4 by first regaining his Saiyan tail with help from Old Kai, Sugoro, and Shusugoro. This allowed Goku to transform into a Golden Oozaru. Goku initially had little control over this form. When Pan got through to him, Goku gained control of his Golden Oozaru form. In doing so, Goku completed his ascent to Super Saiyan 4, which included a grown-up body.

7 Super Saiyan God Was A Forgotten Myth Even Among Saiyans

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Z: Battle of the Gods

How He Got It:

Performed A Ritual

At its core, Battle of Gods is a character study of Son Goku and the themes that define Dragon Ball. The story centers itself on an unbeatable foe, forcing Goku past his limits but without giving him the actual satisfaction of doing so. Battle of Gods humbles Goku, especially through the act of the Super Saiyan God ritual. Super Saiyan God isn't a form Goku earns on his own accord — he actually receives it through the power of others. It’s not something he wants, but he understands it’s needed. At the same time, Beerus recognizes Goku’s skill remains his own even if his power isn’t. There’s a lot to analyze about Goku’s characterization in BoG.

6 Super Saiyan Blue Creates A New Standard For Super Saiyans

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (9)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Z: Resurrection of F

How He Got It:

Trained With Whis.

Following the events of Battle of Gods, Vegeta and Goku train with Whis. The anime and manga never reveal how either martial artist triggers Super Saiyan Blue, but everything indicates they master Super Saiyan Blue during this training period. As Whis is training them in the art of God Ki, it’s likely that SSB remains one of their specific goals. Super Saiyan Blue has since become the Super Saiyan of Dragon Ball Super, serving as Goku and Vegeta’s base forms. While the blue pairs quite well with Goku’s Resurrection F attire, it’s not that exciting in his Turtle School uniform.

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5 Super Saiyan Blue Kaioken Helps Goku Fight Against An Assassin With Time Mastery

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (10)

First Appearance:

Dragon Super Episode 39, "A Developed "Time Skip" Counterstrike? Here Comes Goku's New Move!"

How He Got It:

Mastered Ki Control

After Golden Frieza's defeat, both Goku and Vegeta sought to improve upon their newfound Super Saiyan Blue abilities. Vegeta accomplished this later on in Dragon Ball Super, but Goku quickly found a new avenue through the use of an old technique. Thanks to having greater ki control through Super Saiyan Blue, Goku could incorporate the Kaioken technique. Goku initially planned to save this form for a rematch against Beerus, but needed to use its ability multipliers to get past Hit's time-skip technique. Super Saiyan Blue Kaioken had the same drawbacks as the base Kaioken, as Goku's body couldn't handle it indefinitely.

4 Ultra Instinct -Sign- Showed The Fruits Of Goku's Training

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Super Episode 110, "Goku Enkindled! The Awakened One's New Ultra Instinct!"

How He Got It:

Pushed Past His Limits

The Universe Survival arc became a major turning point for Dragon Ball Super and basically re-contextualized modern Dragon Ball. All the pieces had been rearranged, the multiverse has been properly expanded, and Goku had a new end goal in mind: mastering Ultra Instinct. Goku triggered Ultra Instinct for the first time during the Tournament of Power. In the anime, Ultra Instinct was fueled by his own Genki Dama’s energy, whereas the manga had Goku tapping into Ultra Instinct as a mental state. Ultra Instinct was treated like a technique through the series’ actual text, but it’s depicted as a transformation. As of the Moro arc, Goku could trigger Ultra Instinct -Sign- at will so long as his mind was calm.

3 Perfected Ultra Instinct Developed In Response To Goku Wanting To Surpass Jiren

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (11)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Super Episode 129, "A Transcendent Limit Break! Autonomous Ultra Instinct Mastered!"

How He Got It:

Further Surpassing His Limits

Ultra Instinct -Sign- wasn't enough to surpass Jiren in the Tournament of Power — Goku needed to dig deeper by completing his Ultra Instinct form. Pushed to the brink of elimination in his Ultra Instinct -Sign- form, Goku remained on the defensive during an onslaught of Jiren punches. This surge in offense culminated in Goku reaching the Perfected Ultra Instinct. It wasn't until training with Merus during the Moro arc that he reached Ultra Instinct -Sign- again. Goku later triggered the completed Ultra Instinct after Merus' erasure, when Goku kept his emotions in check during a heartbreaking moment. Since then, Goku has used the form at will.

2 Divine Ki Giant Battle Avatar Was Goku's Best Chance To Stop Moro

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (12)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Super Chapter 66, "Moro, Consumer of Worlds"

How He Got It:

Channeled Divine Energy Against Moro


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During the Galactic Patrol Prisoner arc, Goku is pushed to his absolute limits against Planet-Eater Moro. In order to stop the warlock from detonating and destroying the galaxy, Goku attempts to destroy the villain's forehead crystal, only to be captured and drained of energy by Moro. However, thanks to the divine energy of Uub and Goku's other allies, the series' protagonist could recharge and reach a new form: Divine Ki Giant Battle Avatar. This form is a physical manifestation of Goku's Divine ki. So far, the transformation has only occurred while Goku was in dire circ*mstances against Moro and Gas, the primary antagonists of the manga's latest arcs.

1 True Ultra Instinct Represented Goku Learning How To Use Ultra Instinct His Own Way

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (14)

First Appearance:

Dragon Ball Super Chapter 85, "To Each His Own Answer"

How He Got It:

Utilized His Saiyan Emotions

For Goku to utilize Perfected Ultra Instinct, his emotions must be completely calm. When he fights, the Saiyan warrior is driven by passion, ambition, and rage — as a result, Perfect Ultra Instinct isn't maximizing his talents. However, True Ultra Instinct, which Goku achieves by combining Ultra Instinct -Sign- with his Saiyan emotions, perfectly suits his battle-driven nature.

Goku and Vegeta struggled to defend themselves against Gas during the Granolah the Survivor arc until the former debuted this form. Using its newfound power, he gained the upper hand against Gas, even after the villain survived Granolah's ultimate attack. Were it not for the introduction of Black Frieza, True Ultra Instinct would easily be the strongest form to appear in the franchise.

All of Goku's Transformations in Dragon Ball (2024)


How many transformations does Goku have in Dragon Ball? ›

Goku first unlocked the Super Saiyan transformation during the Namek Saga, and since then, the franchise has introduced a total of 21 variations and upgrades. While not all of these transformations are available to every Saiyan, each of them has been used by a Saiyan at some point in the broader Dragon Ball canon.

What is Goku's 7th form? ›

7 Ultra Instinct -Sign- Is One Of Goku's Most Powerful Forms

While many fans have grown exhausted with the constant flow of new transformations, others were overwhelmed with excitement when Goku debuted this form during the midway point of the Tournament of Power.

What is Goku's 5th form called? ›

Super Saiyan 5 is the strongest a Saiyan can reach with pure strength alone. It utilizes their primal power and the overwhelming strength of a Super Saiyan. Though not as strong as Super Saiyan God 4, Super Saiyan 5 can reach level exceeding that of Dark Super Saiyan 4 and Saiyan Rage 4. Goku Jr.

What is Goku's greatest transformation? ›

Super Saiyan remains the most iconic of Goku transformations due to its epic debut. It's also one of the most versatile transformations in the series, as there's multiple versions that Saiyans can achieve, ranging from Super Saiyan Second Grade to Mastered Super Saiyan.

What are Goku 21 forms? ›

All Goku Forms DB to SDBH
  • 1 Base. 1.1 Saiyan Power.
  • 2 Oozaru.
  • 3 Kaioken. 3.1 Kaioken x2. 3.2 Kaioken x3. ...
  • 4 Super Saiyan. 4.1 False Super Saiyan. ...
  • 5 Golden Oozaru.
  • 6 Super Saiyan 4. 6.1 Full Power Super Saiyan 4. ...
  • 7 Super Saiyan God. 7.1 God-like Saiyan / Saiyan Beyond-God. ...
  • 8 Ultra Instinct. 8.1 Ultra Instinct Power In base.

Is Super Saiyan 5 real? ›

Super Saiyan 5 (超サイヤ人5, Sūpā Saiya-jin Faibu) is a hypothetical Saiyan transformation that was briefly mentioned in Dragon Ball GT.

What form is Tui Goku? ›

True Ultra Instinct is just a form Goku can manifest without completely destroying his body. TUI allows the user to use the form without any changes or drawbacks. It is clearly weaker than the MUI transformation.

What is Goku's 3 strongest form? ›

3 Super Saiyan Blue Kaio-Ken

This made Goku way stronger than he's ever been in the past, and he can even go further by simply multiplying his Kaio-Ken. Fans saw Goku use this while fighting the assassin Hit and showed just how capable the combination was.

What is Goku's weakest Saiyan form? ›

First Appearance: Dragon Ball Z: Lord Slug

As False Super Saiyan is the weakest of the Super Saiyan levels, Goku's hair didn't turn yellow, but his pupils disappeared, and his aura gained a gold tinge.

Can Goku beat Saitama? ›

Even if Goku was able to use his highest form of power, Saitama's one-punch certainty means a fight wouldn't last for long. If we are to take Saitama's power and accuracy at face value, it almost doesn't matter who his opponent is — he would win outright.

What is Goku's last form? ›

Goku's Ultimate Form is Fueled By His Emotions

Goku finally figures it out when he realizes that he will never be able to use the same Ultra Instinct the Angels do, which requires complete calm and a tranquil heart. So, Goku transforms into his own form of Ultra Instinct, which does not have the trademark silver hair.

What is Goku's 3 form? ›

Goku transforms into Super Saiyan 3 form after having battled Beerus as Super Saiyan and Super Saiyan 2 but none of them were causing an effect. Even though his power and speed were increased by a huge amount in this form, it was not enough to even match with Beerus' skills.

How many transformations does a cell have in Dragon Ball? ›

three transformations

Do Saiyans have infinite transformations? ›

An Infinite Saiyan has infinite power. The power is too much to have all at one time, which is why Old Kai created methods of restricting the Infinite Saiyan form. The transformation becomes your base form. Gohan was the first to reach the state.

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